Organizational Bahavior Notes


LEADERSHIP

 

Definition Of Leadership

There are many different definitions of leadership, but commonly it can be define as "A kind of a force which enables a person to stand out in difficult situations, to take control over the peoples mind and their actions and also grab their attensions. A true leader has always a great number of followers and fans.

Leadership has been a topic of discussion for many years now but no one has given the exact definition about functions of a leader. In recent years many theorists have been making a differentiation between the managers and leaders. For example, one says “To survive in the twenty first century we are going to need a new generation of leaders ---leaders, not managers. The distinction made here is an important one. Leaders conquer the context--- volatile, turbulent, ambiguous surroundings that sometimes seem to conspire against us and will surely suffocate us if we let them---while managers surrender to them.”  

LEADERS VERSUS MANAGERS
There are significant differences between managers and leaders but it is true that a person can be a leader without being a manager. Some differences can be the following ones,

Some characteristics of managers versus leaders in the 21st century can be

Leaders have been defined in many ways but a very good definition of a leader states that: “Good leaders seem to be aligning people toward common goals and empowering them to take an action needed to reach them”.

LEADERSHIP THEORIES

There are many theories given by the people about leaders and there characteristic some of these theories are the following;

1. Trait theory of leaders; according to this theory leaders can not be made and there is no way to learn the characteristics of a good leader and these characteristics are innate and natural. So, “leaders are born not made

2. Group and Exchange theory; this simply means that leaders provide more benefits/rewards than burden/cost for their followers. There must be a positive exchange between the leaders and the followers for the group to be formed.

3. Path-Goal leadership theory; this theory outlines four major types of leaders like,

#Directive leadership. Subordinates know what exactly is expected from them, and the leader gives specific directions. There is no participation by the subordinate.

 
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